Sing, o goddess, the anger of achilles son of peleus, that broughtcountless ills upon the achaeans. Take pity on me now, and stay here on the battlements, dont make your son an orphan your wife a widow. The gods having left the field, the grecians prevail. Welcome, heralds, messengers of zeus and of mortals.
The quiz below will help gauge how much you know about this ancient greek poem. Select from the dropdown list to complete the text. Do you think that this attitude is consistent with his character elsewhere in the iliad. Yet, by the end of book 8, we recall the achaeans bravado with great irony. First, the priest chryses comes to ask their leader, king agamemnon, to release his daughter, whom agamemnon was holding captive. Critical essays the hero and homeric culture themes in the iliad study help quiz.
They make a pact not to harm one another in battle. There he weighs the fates of troy and achaea in his scale, and the achaean side sinks down. He should find their mother and ask her to offer a sacrifice to minerva. Check your score by clicking on the calculate your score button at the bottom of the page. Within book vi a distinctive movement from coldheartedness to tenderness, from barbarity to honor occurs. Helenus, a seer and a son of priam, tells aeneas and hector to stand fast and to rally the troops. Cliffsnotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what youre studying, cliffsnotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. Quiz by anita thomer, updated more than 1 year ago 603 0 0.
Menelaus considers accepting a ransom in return for the life of adrestus, a trojan he has subdued, but agamemnon persuades him to kill the man outright. Many a brave soul did it sendhurrying down to hades, and many a hero did it yield a prey to dogsand vultures, for so were the counsels of jove fulfilled from theday on which the son of atreus, king. Determine which chapters, themes and styles you already know and what you need to study for your upcoming essay, midterm, or final exam. Learn the important quotes in the iliad and the chapters theyre from, including why theyre important and what they mean in the context of the book. After prohibiting the other gods from interfering in the course of the war, zeus travels to mount ida, overlooking the trojan plain. For a modern literary treatment of death as the great leveler, read w. The achaeans are compared to bees in the iliad s first. Select the correct answer to each of the following questions by clicking on the appropriate button. This example is the only reference to writing in the iliad. What makes them distinctive is that they come from achilleus. Iliad study guide contains a biography of homer, literature essays, a complete etext, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. The achaean captains antilochus and great ajax kill trojans in.
They discover that there was a bond of friendship between their grandparents. Inside troy, hector rouses paris to join the fighting and then he visits his wife, andromache, and baby son, astyanax. The end of book vi is the famous scene between hector and andromache and their infant son, astyanax. Station your men above the figtree there, where the walls most easily scaled, and the city lies then wide open.
After shouting some encouragement to his men, hector departs. If this were your standard western or police movie, the story probably would have ended with the death of hector, and maybe the destruction of troy. The iliad begins with the poet calling on the muse to sing of the wrath of achilleus and its consequences. The armies finally collide in battle, and the bloodshed begins in earnest. Hector has nearly seized their ambitious fortifications, and the trojans appear more. The questions on this worksheet and quiz will test you on the events and characters in book 6 of homers the iliad. Check the text carefully, then try those questions again. The iliad quizzes about important details and events in every section of the book. Most commentators consider this scene to be the most moving in the iliad. The questions you missed will be displayed below your score. You are not to blame in my sight, but agamemnon who sent the two of you here for the sake of the girl briseis. Glaucus recites his lineage, and they discover their forefathers once exchanged friendship gifts. Compare his remarks here with those of hektor in book 6, lines 488489, quoted in the section on fate and free will. Take our free the iliad quiz below, with 25 multiple choice questions that help you test your knowledge.
They not only pledge friendship but exchange armor as well. Though the battlefield seems an unlikely place to forge a friendship, the men shake hands and exchange armor as a sign of their new friendship. It is a portrait of the warrior at home, war forgotten as he watches his son play and talks with his wife. Hektor finds paris at home with the women of his household. The achaeans success so far despite achilles absence, along with pariss cowardice and hectors hopeless despair in book 6, have seemed to spell doom for the trojans. These two terrified and in awe of the king stood waiting quietly, and did not speak a word at all nor question him. But he knew the whole matter in his own heart, and spoke first. May all agamemnons quarrels end like this, a fruitless campaign, a swift return to his homeland emptyhanded, while the noble menelaus here is left behind. To stern tydides now he falls a prey, no friend to guard him in the dreadful. Sparknotes is here for you with everything you need to ace or teach. Hector obeys, first driving his soldiers forward, then turning back to troy. With a shower of lightning upon the achaean army, zeus turns the tide of battle in the trojans favor, and the greeks. The achaean army moves forward to battle, and their march is described as being like the surf pounding the shore. Writers of these kinds of stories seek to hold our attention by appealing to our appetite for vengeance.
The two fighters also declare friendship and exchange armor. Helenus, the chief augur of troy, commands hector to return to the city, in order to appoint a solemn procession of the queen and the trojan matrons to the temple of minerva, to entreat her to remove diomed from the fight. Diomedes and glaukos must maintain the bonds of friendship because. Read the remaining books less closely and focus your attention on the broad ideas and general plot. They discover that there was a bond of friendship between their. Your bones would rot in trojan ground, with your task undone, and braggarts stamp on the tomb of great menelaus, crying. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Apollos priest chryses comes to the achaian camp and asks to ransom back his daughter chryseis, who has been captured. Iliad study guide contains a biography of homer, literature essays, a. The trojan army is described as a clamor of different languages crying out and clashing. Armor is exchanged to symbolize the bond of friendship.
Rage goddess, sing the rage of peleus son achilles, murderous, doomed, that cost the achaeans countless losses hurling down to the house of death so many sturdy souls, great fighters souls, but made their bodies carrion feats for the dogs and birds and the will of zeus was moving towards its end. He also tells hector to return to the city in order to organize a trojan sacrifice to athena, if only shell pity troy. Murray 1 so was the dread strife of the trojans and achaeans left to itself, and oft to this side and to that surged the battle over the plain, as they aimed one at the other their bronzetipped spears between the simois and the streams of xanthus. When achilleus learns of the death of his friend, he experiences terrible grief and. The iliad summary in the tenth year of the trojan war, tensions are running high among the achaians a superancient name for the ancient greeks. Book 6 with the gods absent, the achaean forces again overwhelm the trojans, who draw back toward the city.1011 923 788 1238 152 311 747 190 1384 397 1353 1103 528 1297 149 974 1326 202 527 1206 361 128 965 1142 967 1235 1430 160 651 113 1398 613